In as much as globalization creates an enabling environment for trade and industry, it also opens up the borders allowing free movement of people, goods and services. As a result, migration is becoming an issue of concern as more people move to seek better prospects for themselves and their families. More often than not we are bombarded with headlines about immigrants from developing nations fleeing their country in search of better living standards, many times endangering their lives as they journey across dangerous territories to cross borders into the developed world. It is estimated that 3 percent of the world’s population is living as immigrants outside their country of birth, a fact that has raised lots of questions regarding the social, political and economic consequences migration brings to developed nations.
First and foremost, the influx of people into a developed country has a negative effect on the developing country since it leads to “brain drain”. The resources used to train professionals in developing countries would be of no use to the developing country if it is employed in a developed country. Hence, the massive exodus of professionals to developed countries causes economic stagnation in the developing country where such expertise is highly needed.
Since a vast majority of immigrants from developing countries are semi-skilled or unskilled, they act as a source of cheap labor. They increase competition for jobs among the citizens who are rightfully entitled to them. As a result, citizens of developed countries find it harder securing jobs because their employers favor immigrants who demand much less and can work for longer hours. This results in conflict, xenophobia and racism towards the migrants.
In addition, immigration poses a challenge to the developed country in terms of preserving its culture and beliefs. Just as the immigrants face the challenge of integrating into a new culture, their interaction with citizens of the developed country may result in a loss of identity due to the mixing of two cultures.
Though migration to developed countries is beneficial to people from developing countries, it is retrogressive to the developed countries since it leads to competition for resources.